Australia, its history and location.
Australia, officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that belongs to the property of Oceania. It is the primary continental mass that takes up the Sahul platform and is also surrounded by the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is separated from Asia by the seas of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the northern part, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand To The Southeast Region.
How does the history of Australia begin?
Historic past of Australia ( *eTA visa Australia) goes back to the time men arrived on its territory the first time. Australian aborigines arrived with vessel from the southeast of the Eurasian continent roughly 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in debate since Australian prehistory is thought to be some years more extensive because there are no writings of human being activities prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, around 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area when they colonized it.
It is said that Australia was discovered in the Sixteenth century by Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, but they held the information secret for ideal reasons. Then, Dutch explorers made the very first sighting a hundred years after. However, they considered it an uninhabitable stretch of land that was not ideal for colonization and also left free passage to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Despite the fact that there had been some other European incursions before, what exactly is considered the most complete discovery of Australia was done in the Eighteenth century by the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, acquired the area for the English crown and took possession of the Southeast of the tropical island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s discoveries as well as the acceptance of his studies through English authorities, granted the first European settlement on the continent, therefore it is typical to hear that Cook is the great discoverer the southern alnd, although the true discovery happened over A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years prior to his trip.
England was particularly interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible solution to the problem of overpopulation they suffered at that time due to the loss in the 13 American colonies and it was thought to move a portion of its residents there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Navy boats left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia ( *More on: eTA visa Australia). In that way, settlers arrived and also populated the location while displacing aborigines because of the confiscation of the lands and also diseases.
It became a Federation.
As soon as the 20th century arrived, Australia did not exist as a nation: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. However in 1901, the 6 different states arranged in a referendum to turn into a federation and they also hand picked the common flag that today is still the flag of Australia.
Following the development of Australia as a country, it was intended to enforce a legislation on immigration management. Nonetheless, when World War II concluded, several migrants from different areas arrived in the nation and, presently, it has become the home of people from several parts of the world.
Source: eTA visa Australia